There are various different types of bedding, but the basic aim is to make your rifle fit your stock exactly. Rifle stocks are made with generous tolerances so that they’ll fit every action – which is fine for the manufacturer, but not so good for the rifle. The most common type of bedding is where the action is bedded into the stock and the barrel is left ‘free floating’ ie no part of the stock touches the barrel. The process involves removing material from the stock and then replacing it with a resin compound that is perfectly moulded to the action. When a bedded rifle is fired, the precise fit of the stock means that the action cannot move within the stock – resulting in better groups on the target.